NEBULAE
A "nebula" is an area of gassy, dusty material within a galaxy which for some reason is visible to us from our vantage point on Earth.  This usually means that the nebula is illuminated, either by the light energy (radiation) of stars embedded within it, or by absorbing energy from nearby stars and then re-emitting that energy as light of a specific wavelength (colour) or finally because the gas is hot and shines with its own energy.  Nebulae are often areas of new star formation and it is quite common for them to shine in spectacular colours as a result of the newly created stars which have formed inside them.  Others shine in delicate shades of blue and green because of the wavelength which is emitted by the decay of their excited energy state to a lower one.  Still others, usually those formed by supernova explosions (see the M1 images on this page) shine by virtue of their own residual energy, a leftover from that cataclysmic event which tore apart the star which gave them birth.

Liz and I love nebulae because of their fantastically variable shapes and colours and because they usually signify areas where there's "quite a bit going on".  Unfortunately, we cannot usually see their colours directly through our telescopes because our eyes are not sensitive to colour at the low light levels involved.  But take a picture using our CCD camera and the beautiful colours are easy to see.  

Which is your favourite nebula?  Do write and let us know.

Abell_21_090213_Web.jpg (512756 bytes) The planetary nebula Abell 21, imaged with the C14 and ST10-xme camera on 9th February, 2013 in Spain. Known as the "Medusa" nebula it is in the constellation of Gemini, near the border with Orion and is quite large (615 arc seconds), irregular and faint.  Full Resolution Image (2.7Mb)
Abell39_080713_Web.jpg (431500 bytes) The planetary nebula, ABELL 39, imaged with the Planewave and QSI 683 camera on 8th July, 2013.  The sky conditions were poor, but you can see the large number of tiny galaxies in the background, plus two tiny MAC galaxies "inside" the ring of the planetary.  Full Resolution Image (2.9Mb)
Abell61_220711_Web.jpg (355051 bytes) ABELL 61 in Cygnus is a very faint planetary nebula with a distinct blue star at it's centre.  The ring is 180 arc seconds in diameter and this image was taken using the C14 at f/7 and an SBIG ST10-XME CCD camera.  The image is an LRGB of 30 minutes for each component and was taken on 22nd July, 2011 in Spain.  Full Resolution Image (3.5Mb)
Abell65_240711_Web.jpg (338782 bytes) ABELL 65 in Sagittarius is another of those faint, blue Abell planetaries, but this one is elongated with dimensions of 138 x 34 arc seconds.  This image was taken using the C14 at f/7 and an SBIG ST10-XME CCD camera and is an LRGB of 30 minutes for each component.  It was taken on 22nd July, 2011 in Spain.  Full Resolution Image (3.5Mb)
Abell66_260711_Web.jpg (346191 bytes) ABELL 66 in Sagittarius is an even fainter planetary with a ragged 4.5 arc minutes envelope.  A close inspection reveals two stars at the approximate centre - and we suspect the blue one to be the progenitor star.  This image was taken using the C14 at f/7 and an SBIG ST10-XME CCD camera and is an LRGB of 30 minutes for each component.  It was taken on 26th July, 2011 in Spain.  Full Resolution Image (3.8Mb)
Abell71_230711_Web.jpg (327772 bytes) ABELL 71 in Cygnus is another planetary nebula - this time more reddish.   The fragmented ring is 160 arc seconds in diameter and this image was taken using the C14 at f/7 and an SBIG ST10-XME CCD camera.  The image is an LRGB of 30 minutes for each component and was taken on 23rd July, 2011 in Spain.  Full Resolution Image (3.2Mb)
HH_Region_071213_Web.jpg (270627 bytes) B 33, IC 434 and NGC 2023 - The famous "Horse Head Nebula" in Orion. The horse head is a dark gaseous cloud and is exceedingly difficult to see, which surprises and disappoints most people, who have seen photos and think they will see the same thing in a telescope. IC 434 is the nebulous "reef" from which B33 protrudes and NGC 2023 is a bright emission nebula. This is an LRGB image of 50:40:40:40 minutes taken using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera. Full Resolution Image (7Mb). Smaller High Res Image (1.7Mb)
Barnard_86_Web_27June2003.jpg (134857 bytes) Barnard 86, a famous dark nebula in the constellation of Sagittarius.  This is a particularly star-rich area of the sky and the open cluster NGC 6520 can be seen fairly close to the dark nebula.  This image was taken with our C-14 telescope at f/7 in June 2003.  A full sized image can be found Full Resolution Image (1.35Mb).
Barnard 92 - 13 Oct 2001.jpg (106213 bytes) Barnard 92, a dark nebula in the star fields of Sagittarius.  The Milky Way is filled with these areas of dark nebulosity, caused by obscuring dust clouds.  This particular example has less well defined edges on the lower (western) side, where some background stars can be seen shining through.  The central star is magnitude 8.0 and the nebula is 15' x 7' in size.  This image was taken at f/8 and is an LRGB of 20mins:5mins:5mins:5mins
HH222 - 15 MARCH 2002.jpg (137975 bytes) A region of faint nebulosity in Orion, close to NGC 1999 and which has been the subject of some discussion in amateur and professional circles.  Known as HH 222, or more familiarly as "The Waterfall", it is the faint red nebulous strip in the center of the image.  This object is impossible to see visually, but this 15 minute image using our 4 inch refractor shows it up fairly well.
IC289_151115_Web.jpg (452704 bytes) IC 289 in Cassiopeia is described as a faint, round 35 arc second disc of uniform surface brightness, but in this image you can see the red and blue areas in the disc, together with fainter material surrounding. Full Resolution Image (7.9Mb)Smaller High Res Image (1.9Mb)
IC1474_151115_Web.jpg (348789 bytes) IC 1474 in Cassiopeia is a tiny, pale blue planetary nebula which in this image just shows a disc and faint central star. Full Resolution Image (7.3Mb). Smaller High Res Image (1.6Mb)
IC405_(FLAMING_STAR)_01JAN03.JPG (128233 bytes) IC 405 - the "Flaming Star" nebula in Auriga.  This area of Auriga surprised us with the amount of nebulosity which can be seen there.  This LRGB is 40:20:20:30 minutes, taken with the Takahashi FSQ at f/5.  Full resolution image (1.84Mb)
IC 5146-16 Oct 2001.jpg (272365 bytes) IC 5146, the "Cocoon" nebula.  Lying at the end of the two degree long dark nebula in Cygnus (Barnard 168), the Cocoon is very, faint and could only be located using the CCD camera.  The nebula derives its name from the faint, hazy nebulosity which surrounds the main, pink nebula, forming a kind of cocoon.    Exposure for this image was  30mins Luminance and 30mins for each of the colors, taken at f/8
IC5146_200607_Web.jpg (267192 bytes) IC 5146 with Barnard 168.  This image was taken in Spain on 20th June, 2007 with the Takahashi FSQ scope and the ST8-XE camera.  It is an LRGB of 20:20:20:20 minutes and shows very well the long dark lane of Barnard 168 leading up to the Cocoon nebula in the lower left corner.   Full resolution image (1.9Mb)
M1_220214_Web.jpg (490146 bytes) Messier 1, imaged from Spain on 22nd February 2014 using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera.  More of the wispy material surrounding the nebula is visible in this image, which is an LRGB of 60:50:50:50 minutes.  Full Resolution Image (9.5 Mb)Smaller High Res Image (2.1Mb)

 

M1HA_220214_Web.jpg (412537 bytes) Messier 1 with narrowband component.  This is the same image as above, but 50% H-Alpha was blended with the luminance prior to final creation of the colour image. It is interesting to compare the additional detail which this procedure has brought out. Full Resolution Image (7.1Mb)Smaller High Res Image (1.8Mb).
M1HOS_061113_Web.jpg (360791 bytes) Messier 1 in full narrowband.  This image, taken with the Planewave telescope and QSI 683 camera, is 60 minutes each of HA, O3 and S2.  Full Resolution Image (2.4Mb)
M1 Master-Dec99.jpg (18565 bytes) Messier 1 - the image referenced above, taken through the C-14 back in 1999. This monochrome image of the famous supernova remnant was taken at Terlingua in west Texas on 28th December 1999. It is a composite of twelve 30 second images and has been only lightly processed.
M8_JM_Proc_Web.jpg (802477 bytes) Messier 8, the Lagoon Nebula in Sagittarius.  The image is an LRGB of 20:15:15:15 minutes, taken on 13th June, 2007 in Spain using the Takahashi FSQ scope and ST8-XE camera.  Full resolution image (1.4Mb)
M8_230714_Web.jpg (294664 bytes) Messier 8, the Lagoon Nebula, imaged on 23rd July, 2014 using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 CCD camera. This is an LRGB of 50:35:35:35 minutes.  Full Resolution Image (6.3Mb)Smaller high res image (1.2Mb).  There is a Hydrogen Alpha image here which shows more detail in the nebulosity.
M16_011013_Web.jpg (283539 bytes) Messier 16, the Eagle Nebula in Serpens.  This image was taken with our 12.5 inch Planewave telescope and QSI 683 camera.  It is an LRGB of 45 minutes for each component.  Full Resolution Image (6.5Mb) Smaller high res image (1.6Mb)
M17_160710_Web.jpg (217095 bytes) Messier 17, the Omega Nebula (also called the Swan Nebula) in Sagittarius.  To the north of M8 is the smaller M17.  In a telescope it looks like an Omega, and this effect is more marked when a filter is used.  A CCD image brings out a lot of detail surrounding the central object, but in a dark sky and using a filter most of this can be seen visually.  This LRGB image is a 30:20:20:20 minute composite using the C14 and ST10 camera.  Full Resolution Image (2.4Mb)
M20_Sharp_140216_Web.jpg (460144 bytes) Messier 20, the Trifid Nebula - also in Sagittarius.  Located between M8 and M17, this beautiful nebula is particularly attractive, and we very much like the contrasting blue and pink nebulosity.  This LRGB image (30:20:20:20 minutes for each component) was taken in Spain on 14th June, 2013 using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera.  Full Resolution Image (9.8Mb)Smaller high res image (2.2Mb)
M27_140713_Web.jpg (610666 bytes) Messier 27 - The "Dumbell" Nebula in Vulpecula.  An excellent example of a "planetary nebula", this image is an L/HaRGB of 40/40:30:30:30 mins, taken on 15th July, 2013 at our Spanish observatory using the Planewave telescope and QSI 683 camera.  Full Resolution Image (4.3Mb)Smaller high res image (1.1Mb)
M27_HALRGB_050913_Web.jpg (376985 bytes) Messier 27 with more than an hour of Hydrogen Alpha exposure, showing quite well the matter streams following the magnetic field lines and a lot of the fainter material surrounding the main nebula.  Full Resolution Image (4.5Mb)
M42_HP_211215_Web.jpg (162048 bytes) Messier 42 taken in Spain on 19th December, 2015 using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera.  This is a Hubble Palette blend using Sulphur 2=Red, H Alpha=Green and Oxygen 3=Blue.  20 minutes exposure un-binned for each component and produced using luminance layering in Photoshop. Full Resolution Image (8.3Mb). Smaller high res image (1.4Mb)
M42_Hubble_Sharp_Mod_Web.jpg (236870 bytes) Messier 42 reprocessed by astronomer colleague Ian Sharp.  Ian used "Pixinsight" to clean up the Ha image, then used that as a luminance with the Ha, S2 and O3 to produce an LRGB style image with the Hubble Palette as above..  Full Resolution Image (3.5Mb). Smaller high res image (0.9Mb)
M57_130613_Web.jpg (289282 bytes) Messier 57 - Our latest image of this 1,400 light years distant planetary, shot using the Planewave and the QSI 683 camera.  40 mins of Luminance and 30 mins each of Red, Green and Blue -a "first light image for the new QSI camera,  taken on 13th and 14th July 2013 from La Divisa Observatory, Spain.  Full Resolution Image (7.7Mb) There is a smaller full resolution image here
M76_180817_Web.jpg (417587 bytes) M76 - "The Little Dumbbell" - Imaged at our Spanish observatory on 18th August, 2017. Camera was the QSI 683 and telescope was the Planewave.  Notice the redness of the ends of the nebula and the loops of material. This is an LRGB image, with component balance of 30:20:20:20.   Full Resolution Image (10.2Mb).   Smaller High Res Image (2Mb)
M78_30NOV2002.jpg (193426 bytes) M78 - Two 10th magnitude stars shine like headlights, or eyes out of the midst of  dark gaseous areas.  This is just one of Orion's areas of bright nebulosity and is an excellent example of a reflection nebula in which new star formation is taking place.  This LRGB image (10:5:5:5minutes) was taken in November 2002
M97_220409_Web.jpg (206822 bytes) Messier 97, the beautiful "Owl Nebula" in Ursa Major is situated close to the bright galaxy, Messier 108.  This interesting planetary nebula, which has a size about the same as Jupiter's disk, is fairly easy to see, but large telescopes are needed to spot the two "eyes" or dark areas which give the nebula its name.  Note the magnitude 16.1 galaxy MCG+9-19-14 to the right of the nebula.  There is a full sized image here (3.2Mb)
N40_090715_Web.jpg (221922 bytes) NGC 40 in the circumpolar constellation of Cepheus is also known as the "Scarab" nebula because of its shape.  This LRGB is 30:20:20:20 minutes.  Full Resolution Image (5.3Mb)Smaller High Res Image (1.1Mb)
N246_041110_Web.jpg (272900 bytes) NGC 246 is a large planetary nebula in Cetus.  This image is an LRGB of 20:10:10:10 mins and was taken with the C14 and ST10 camera in Spain on 4th November, 2010.  Full Resolution Image (3.5Mb)
NGC 281 - 16 Oct 2001.jpg (106872 bytes) NGC 281 is an example of astronomical fun making.  It has been dubbed the "Pakman" nebula, after the electronic game character which was famous when I was a boy - or perhaps an old boy?  Located in the constellation of Cassiopeia, it is a combined cluster and emission nebula, and the mouth of the chomping head can be seen.  This is an LRGB image of 40:20:20:20 minutes taken at f/8
N1491_131001_Web.jpg (96575 bytes) NGC 1491 is an interestingly fan-shaped emission nebula in the constellation of Perseus.  The fan shape covers a diameter of about 6 arc minutes and there is an 11th magnitude star embedded just inside the eastern edge.  This image is an LRGB of 20:5:5:5 minutes at a focal ratio of f/8.  Full Resolution Image (0.6Mb)
N1514_021110_Web.jpg (164119 bytes) NGC 1514 in Taurus is an interesting and very blue planetary nebula. Known as the "Crystal Ball Nebula" it has a 9.4 magnitude central star and an interesting shape, not unlike the dumbbell.  This nebula is historically significant as it is the nebula which convinced Herschel that not all nebulae can be resolved into stars.   Full Resolution Image (2.4Mb)
N2022_040213_Web.jpg (268929 bytes) NGC 2022 in Orion is a very blue planetary nebula at a distance of 6,900 light years. It's expansion velocity is 29kps and it has a magnitude of 11.6.  Full Resolution Image (1.8Mb)
N2174_171001_Web.jpg (128680 bytes) NGC 2174 is an emission nebula in the constellation of Orion.  This large, nebulous glow is embedded within open star cluster NGC 2175.  The nebula is 20 minutes of arc in diameter and the central star has a magnitude of 7.5.  This sort of nebula shows up particularly well if carefully processed, and this image is an LRGB of 30:10:10:10 minutes with the telescope operating at f/5.  Full Resolution Image (0.6Mb)
Rosette_291202_Web.jpg (323635 bytes) NGC 2237 forms part of the Rosette Nebula, a very large emission nebula in the constellation of Monoceros, covering an area four times that of the full moon.  It is easy to see how the Nebula got its name.  It is very faint, but strangely can be seen in a dark sky in low power binoculars.  The nebula glows strongly at the red end of the spectrum, and we have almost captured all of it in this image.    Full resolution image (2.4Mb)
NGC2359_01Dec03.jpg (120034 bytes) NGC 2359, an area of nebulosity in the constellation of Canis Major.  The sheer number of stars in this area of the sky makes it difficult to discern the nebula from the stellar background.  This LRGB image, taken with the Takahashi telescope and ST-8E camera, has an exposure of 40:20:20:30 minutes
Full resolution image (1.88Mb)
N2392_161107_Web.jpg (44553 bytes) NGC 2392 - The "Eskimo" or "Clown Face" nebula in Gemini.  This is an LRGB image of 12:5:5:5 minutes taken in Spain on 16th November, 2007 using the C14 and ST10-XME camera.  This is a particularly fine example of a planetary nebula, which are formed when sun-like stars age and lose their outer gas shells.   Full resolution image (1.9Mb)
N3242_010508_Web.jpg (33382 bytes) NGC 3242 in Hydra.  This lovely, blue-green coloured planetary nebula is also known as the "Ghost of Jupiter".  It is 75 arc seconds in diameter and we have zoomed in on the object for the image on the left.  The full resolution version (1.5Mb) is here.  The object is 2,600 light years away from us.  Image is an LRGB of 20:25:25:25 minutes with the C14 and ST10-XME camera taken on 1st May, 2008.
N4361_090512_Web.jpg (361926 bytes) NGC 4361 in Corvus.  This is a 45 arc second diameter planetary nebula with a m13 central star.  There are interesting curved features emanating from the core.  Full Resolution Image (1.9Mb)
N6058_150512_Web.jpg (193206 bytes) NGC 6058 in Hercules.  This is a small (23 arc seconds diameter) planetary nebula with a distinctive blue colour.  This is an LRGB of 30 minutes for each component, imaged using the C14/ST10 combination in Spain on 15th May, 2012.  Full Resolution Image (2.2Mb)
N6153_160710_Web.jpg (265830 bytes) NGC 6153 in Scorpius is 25 arc second diameter planetary nebula.  This is an LRGB of 20:15:15:15 minutes as the object plunged below the horizon.  Full Resolution Image (3.1Mb)
N6302(Bug)_240611_Web.jpg (171414 bytes) NGC 6302 in the constellation of Scorpius.  This interesting object is also known as the "Bug" nebula, and it is particularly interesting because it has a very hot central star, at a temperature of 380,000 degrees C.  This LRGB image was taken on 24th June, 2011 at La Divisa in Spain using our C-14 telescope and ST-10XME camera.  There is a full sized image (2.5Mb) here.
N6309_270611_Web.jpg (86813 bytes) NGC 6309 in Ophiuchus is also known as the "Box Nebula" or the "Exclamation Mark Nebula".  The literature records it as blue-green in colour, as you can see here.  The object is tiny, being only 19 x 11 arc seconds. This image is an LRGB of 20:15:15:15 minutes with the C14 and ST10-XME camera, taken on 27th June, 2011. Full Resolution Image (1.5Mb)
N6334_210607_Web.jpg (240963 bytes) NGC 6334 in Scorpius.  This is an emission nebula complex with areas of nebula divided by dark lanes.  This is an LRGB of 10:10:10:10 minutes with the Takahashi FSQ and ST8-XE camera, taken on 21st June, 2007 in Spain.  Full resolution image (2.1Mb)
N6337_090715_Web.jpg (437475 bytes) NGC 6337 in Scorpius.  This 40 arc second diameter planetary is also known as the "Cheerio" nebula due to its similarity to the American biscuit.  The object is low in the sky ( -38 degrees declination) making high quality imaging difficult.  This LRGB of 25:20:20:20 minutes was taken on 9th July, 2015.  Full Resolution Image (8.4Mb). Smaller High Res Image (1.8Mb)
N6369_100715_Web.jpg (416078 bytes) NGC 6369 the "Little Ghost" nebula in Ophiuchus.  This pretty nebula has very interesting ring detail and some nice FLIERS but the sky on 10th July, 2015 was very hazy and it made colour imaging very difficult.  This is an LRGB of 35:25:25:25 minutes with the Planewave scope and QSI camera.  Full Resolution Image (8.4Mb). Smaller High Res Image (1.8Mb)
N6445_270611_Web.jpg (257255 bytes) NGC 6445 in Sagittarius is also known as the "Crescent Nebula" or the "Little Gem".  It has an apparent diameter of 36 arc seconds, so is quite small.  In this image you can see the blue tinged centre and progressive reddening towards the outer envelope.  This LRGB image of 20:15:15:15 minutes was taken on 27th June, 2011 with the C14 and ST10-XE camera.  Full Resolution Image (2.6Mb)
N6543_170707_Crop.jpg (56179 bytes) NGC 6543 in Draco.  The famous "Cat's Eye" nebula.  The central star is 11th magnitude and the nebula is very small. This image is an LRGB of 10:10:10:10 mins with the C14 and ST10-XME. Full Resolution Image
NGC 6590 - 14 Oct 2001.jpg (86659 bytes) NGC 6589/6590 and 6595 in Sagittarius are a series of small nebulae lit by embedded stars. Our view towards the center of the Galaxy is obscured by extensive clouds of interstellar dust in the direction of the constellation of Sagittarius.  Light from bright stars within the dust in this region produces the two blue reflection nebulae (NGC 6589 and 6590) and NGC 6595 is the open star cluster surrounding them.  This image is an LRGB of 20:5:5:5 minutes taken at f/8
NGC 6726 - 7Sept2001.jpg (116965 bytes) NGC 6726 and 6729 in Corona Australis.  This area of the sky, close to the richest region of the Milky Way, is filled with interesting objects like these nebulae.  The brighter NGC 6726 and smaller 6729 are lit by stars embedded within them.  To the left is a dark nebula, known as Bernes 157.  The final blue component was taken separately, and in a fairly bright sky, and we plan to repeat this object in Spring 2002
N6726_240708_Web.jpg (161558 bytes) Another, more recent image of this area, taken in 2008.  The bright object in the centre is reflection nebulae NGC 6726 and 6727.  The little reddish chappie up and to the left is the reflection and emission variable nebula NGC 6729.  This is an LRGB of 10 minutes for each component using the C14 and ST10 camera.  Full resolution image (4Mb)
N6742_190712_Web.jpg (298505 bytes) NGC 6742 (Abell 50) in Draco is a small, very blue and round planetary nebula.  This image was taken in Spain on 19th July, 2012 using the C14 and ST10-XME camera.  It is an LRGB of 20 minutes for each component.  Full Resolution Image (3.4Mb)
N6765_160712_Web.jpg (466399 bytes) NGC 6765 in Lyra is a faint, small but interesting planetary nebula.  This image, taken on 16th July, 2012 using the C14 and ST10 camera is an LRGB of 25 minutes for each component.  The image shows what appears to be the extensive areas of expelled matter surrounding the object.  Full Resolution Image (2.2Mb)
N6772_101007_Web.jpg (137406 bytes) NGC 6772 in Aquila.  This interestingly distorted planetary is about 1 arc minute diameter with a magnitude 18 central star.  This is an LRGB of 50:30:30:30 minutes, imaged on 10th October, 2007 with the C14 and ST10-XME camera.  Full Resolution Image (3Mb)
N6781_210817_Web.jpg (578230 bytes) NGC 6781 in the constellation of Aquila is a faint (magnitude 11.8) planetary nebula.  This image was taken on 20th August, 2017 in Spain.  The nebula is 109 arc seconds in diameter is 2,600 light years distant and is expanding at the rate of 12 Km per second. This is an LRGB of 50:30:30:30 minutes using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera.  Full Resolution Image (8.3Mb) Smaller High Res Image (2Mb)
N6818_160710_Web.jpg (220242 bytes) NGC 6818 in Sagittarius is a planetary nebula also known as the "Little Gem".  It has a bright bluish appearance and is only 17 arc seconds in diameter.  This is an LRGB of 20 minutes for each component.  Full Resolution Image (1.3Mb)
N6826_280708_Web.jpg (39995 bytes) NGC 6826 in Cygnus is also known as the "Blinking Planetary" because of the way the central star is visible, but only with averted vision.  It is 25 arc seconds in diameter and is therefore quite a challenge for our equipment, especially to reproduce the inner shells.  Full resolution image (1.5Mb)
N6826_Shell.jpg (148165 bytes) Even more interesting is this very faint shell of material surrounding NGC 6826 and only visible when the blue or green images are highly stretched.  This is probably material ejected at an earlier phase of development of the nebula.
N6842_170712_Web.jpg (361401 bytes) NGC 6842 in Vulpecula is a fairly ordinary but very blue planetary nebula, set against a rich starfield.  It is 4,000 LY distant.  This image, taken with C14 and ST10 camera is an LRGB of 25 mins for each component, taken on 17th July, 2012.  Full Resolution Image (3Mb)
N6888_100713_HA_Web.jpg (667278 bytes) NGC 6888 in Cygnus, also know as the Crescent Nebula.  The nebula surrounds a magnitude 7.4 Wolf-Rayet star and looks like a supernova remnant.  However, this object is actually part of an old planetary nebula, where an aging star has blown off its outer layers.  Only one part of this nebula is left illuminated for us to see.  This image is an L/HA-RGB of 60/30:30:30:30 minutes using the Planewave and QSI 683 camera. Full Resolution Image (9.8Mb)
N6894_280708_Web.jpg (161620 bytes) NGC 6894 in Cygnus is a very red planetary with a faint star superimposed on part of the ring.  Visually it is described as "smoky grey" but as you can see in this image it is definitely quite red.  Full resolution image (4.1Mb)
N6905_240611_Web.jpg (178781 bytes) NGC 6905 in Delphinus is known as the "Blue Flash" nebula for obvious reasons.    In this image you can see the bulges, which are presumably FLIERS.  Full Resolution Image (2.1Mb)
N6960_160713_Web.jpg (443856 bytes) NGC 6960 in Cygnus.  This object is part of a much larger supernova remnant and this is the area in the region of 52 Cygnii.  This image is an L/HA/O3, R,G,B of 30/30/30:30:30:30 minutes exposure using the Planewave and QSI 683 camera.  Full Resolution Image (5.4 Mb) and there is a smaller high res image here (1.3 Mb)
N7008_200817_Web.jpg (564759 bytes) NGC 7008 in Cygnus. This is a bluish planetary with an irregular halo and two conspicuous nodules.  There are lots of little stars close to the nebula.  This is an LRGB of 40:20:20:20 mins taken on 20th August, 2017 in Spain.  Full Resolution Image (8.3Mb) Smaller High Res Image (1.9Mb)
N7009_210817_Web.jpg (437508 bytes) NGC 7009 - The SATURN NEBULA. An image of this most interesting planetary nebula, taken in Spain on 21st August, 2017 using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera. Note the interesting "ears" or lobes, and the ring structure within the nebula. The nebula is a striking blue colour in a telescope. Full Resolution Image (6.7Mb)Smaller High Res Image (1.9Mb)
N7023_021113_Web.jpg (290923 bytes) NGC 7023 - The IRIS Nebula in Cepheus. This reflection nebula surrounding an open cluster has interesting areas of dark dust and the dust extends over a wide area.  This is an LRGB of 60:50:50:50 minutes using the Planewave scope and QSI camera, taken in Spain on 2nd November, 2013.  Full Resolution Image (7.5 Mb)Smaller high Res Image (1.6 Mb)
N7026_280708_Web.jpg (99512 bytes) NGC 7026 in Cygnus is a fascinating object and has been dubbed by some "The Cheeseburger Nebula".  This image shows perhaps how it got its name.  Full resolution image (3.4Mb)
N7027_021008_Crop.jpg (208237 bytes) NGC 7027 in Cygnus.  Another fascinating planetary nebula, also sometimes known as the Magic Carpet nebula.   Distance from us is 3,600ly and size is 15 arc seconds.  This is an LRGB of 5 minutes for each component using the C14 at f/7 and ST10-XME camera.  Full resolution image (1.3Mb)
N7293_141107_Web.jpg (250550 bytes) NGC 7293 - the "Helix" nebula in Aquarius is quite faint but is easily seen in a good pair of binoculars. It is also very large and is only 300 light years distant from us.  This 60:30:30:30 LRGB image was taken in Spain on 14th November, 2007 using the Takahashi FSQ telescope at f/5 and ST8-XE camera.  Full resolution image (1.7Mb)
NGC 7538 - 17 Oct 2001.jpg (82597 bytes) NGC 7538 in Cepheus is another part of the "Bubble Nebula" complex.  Located in the same wide field as the Bubble (NGC 7635) and open cluster M52, this small nebula was actually imaged by us thinking we were imaging to Bubble (even genii make mistakes!).  It was only later that we realized we had shot the wrong object when we took a closer look at the field.  The image is an LRGB of 40:20:20:20 minutes taken at f/8
N7635_061113_Web.jpg (415723 bytes) NGC 7635 in Cassiopeia - also known as the Bubble Nebula.  The bubble has been created by a massive, bright blue star which is emitting a fast stellar wind of ionized gas.  This wind is basically blowing bubbles by pushing surrounding material into a shell, which is then ionized and illuminated by the starlight.  The nebula is 6 light years across and this image is an LRGB of 60:50:50;50 minutes using the Planewave scope and QSI 683 camera. Full Resolution Image (6.2Mb)Smaller High Res Image (1.5Mb)
N7662_191007_Web.jpg (214337 bytes) NGC 7662 in Andromeda, also known as the "Blue Snowball".  This LRGB of 45:25:25:25 minutes was taken with the C14 and ST10-XME camera on 19th October, 2007.  Full resolution image (0.5Mb)
PK80-6.1_210712_Web.jpg (400500 bytes) PK80-6.1 in Cygnus - also known as the "Egg Nebula".  The interesting jets of material at either end of the object can be seen in this image, and if you look closely you can see the shock waves in these jets.  This is an LRGB of 40:25:25:25 minutes, imaged on 21st July, 2012 using the C14 and ST10-XME camera.  Full Resolution Image (1.7Mb)
PK93-2.1_180712_Web.jpg (411361 bytes) PK93-2.1 in Cygnus - also known as Minkowski 1-79 - is an interesting planetary nebula with two distinct lumpy lobes.  This image, taken with the C14 and ST10-XME combination on 18th July, 2012 is an LRGB of 25 minutes for each component.  Full Resolution Image (2Mb)

Return to Front Page